All natural ingredients but repulsive to vermin and other undesirables. Repels three ways, by sense of touch, taste and smell. This is the most comprehensive animal repellent on the market. Protects plants and property, including structures, for up to 2 months per application. Rain fast after 6 hours. May be used around edibles. (Garlic, dried blood, whole egg solids, clove, fish oil, onion, wintergreen).